Reference: Cohen RE, et al. (1982) Effects of mannoprotein mutations on Saccharomyces cerevisiae core oligosaccharide structure. J Biol Chem 257(10):5730-7

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Abstract


By the combined actions of an endo-alpha-1 leads to 6-mannanase and an endo-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase, the core oligosaccharides can be released from Saccharomyces cerevisiae X2180 mnn2 mannoproteins. The effects of various mannoprotein mutations were evaluated by structural comparison of these core oligosaccharides with those prepared from double mutant strains with the genotypes mnn1 mnn2, mnn2 mnn3, mnn2 mnn4, and mnn2 mnn5. The results indicate that only the mnn1 lesion has a major effect on the mannoprotein core structure. Whereas the mnn2 mannoprotein yields a core composed of 6 fragments that differ in size from each other by single mannose units, only the two smallest species predominate in the mnn1 mnn2 preparation. This change is correlated with a loss of terminal alpha 1 leads to 3-mannosyl residues, an effect on the mnn1 lesion that is found also in the polysaccharide outer chain and hydroxyamino acid-linked mannooligosaccharides. The mnn3 and mnn5 mutations also had slight effects on the core size, but clear differences in linkage composition were not apparent. The results suggest that core oligosaccharides have an average composition of Man11GlcNAc, whereas Man9GlcNAc is the major oligosaccharide in strains containing the mnn1 defect. These values are 2 to 3 sugars less than those estimated previously (Nakajima, T., and Ballou, C. E. (1975) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 66, 870-879). Detailed analysis of the major core oligosaccharide from the mnn1 mnn2 mutant revealed that the two mannoses in alpha 1 leads to 3 linkage to the backbone were adjacent to each other and that the oligosacccharide is nearly identical with one isolated from chinese hamster ovary cell membranes (Li, E., and Kornfeld, S. (1979) J. Biol. Chem. 254, 1600-1605). This finding provides strong evidence for the evolutionary conservation of this structural feature of the high mannose core oligosaccharides.

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Journal Article
Authors
Cohen RE, Zhang W, Ballou CE
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