We have identified a novel mitochondrial targeting signal in the precursor of the DNA helicase Hmi1p of Saccharomyces cerevisiae that is located at the C terminus of the protein. Similar to classical N-terminal presequences, this C-terminal targeting signal consists of a stretch of positively charged amino acids that has the potential to form an amphipathic alpha-helix. Deletion of the C-terminal 36 amino acids of helicase resulted in loss of import into mitochondria, while deletion of the N-terminal 40 amino acids had no effect. When C-terminal regions of the helicase were placed at the C terminus of a passenger protein, dihydrofolate reductase, the resulting fusion proteins were directed into the mitochondrial matrix, and the C-terminal region of helicase became proteolytically processed. Import of helicase occurs in a C- to N-terminal direction; it requires a membrane potential and the TIM17-23 translocase together with mitochondrial Hsp70. Helicase is the only mitochondrial matrix protein identified thus far with a cleavable targeting signal at its C terminus.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|