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Reference: Camilloni G, et al. (1991) The conformation of constitutive DNA interaction sites for eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I on intrinsically curved DNAs. Biochim Biophys Acta 1129(1):73-82

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Abstract


The analysis of the sites which are cleaved constitutively and preferentially by eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I on two intrinsically curved DNAs reveals the conformational features that provoke the cleavage reaction on the curve-inducing sequence elements in the absence of supercoiling. This analysis is based on the observation (Caserta et al. (1989) Nucleic Acids Res. 17, 8521-8532 and (1990) Biochemistry 29, 8152-8157) that the reaction of eukaryotic DNA topoisomerase I occurs on two types of DNA sites: sites S (Supercoiled induced) and sites C (Constitutive, whose presence is topology-independent). We report that sites C are abundant on the intrinsically curved DNAs analyzed. The DNAs studied were two intrinsically curved segments of different origin: the Crithidia fasciculata kinetoplast DNA and the bent-containing domain B of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae ARS1. On these DNA segments DNA topoisomerase I cleaves at the junctions between the poly(A) tracts and mixed-sequence DNA. Analysis of the conformation of the double helix around the cleavage sites has revealed that the reaction occurs in correspondence of a defined DNA conformational motif. This motif is described by the set of Eulerian angular values that define the axial path of DNA (helical twist, deflection angle, direction) and of the orthogonal components of wedge (roll and tilt).

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Camilloni G, Caserta M, Amadei A, Di Mauro E
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