We had found that yeasts had intracellular endodeoxyribonucleases that cut phage DNA into a set of double-stranded fragments with discrete chain lengths. We purified one of them to apparent homogeneity from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and designated it Endo.Sce I. Sequence analysis around 5 cleavage sites in plasmid DNA and phage DNA revealed that Endo.Sce I cuts a defined phosphodiester bond in each strand of double helix at the cleavage sites and produces free cohesive ends consisting of 4 nucleotides protruding at 3'-termini. However, unlike in the case of prokaryotic type II-restriction endonucleases, (i) Endo.Sce I seems to consist of two nonidentical subunits, (ii) no common palindrome or consensus sequence including more than 5 base pairs is detected at or near these cleavage sites, and (iii) Endo.Sce I can cut the DNA isolated from the cells that produced Endo.Sce I. All of the 5 cleavage sites are included in inverted repeats, but these inverted repeats are variable in size, nucleotide sequence, and distance between repeating units. An inverted repeat itself is not a structure recognized by Endo.Sce I. This study shows that Endo.Sce I is the first example of eukaryotic site-specific endonuclease and has properties, as described above, which distinguish it from prokaryotic restriction endonucleases.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|