1. Two oligomycin-resistant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been isolated and shown to have mutations in the oli2 region of the mitochondrial DNA. On solid media containing a non-fermentable energy source, the mutant strains were able to grow only slowly at 28 degrees C and not at all at 18 degrees C or 36 degrees C. 2. When grown in a glucose-limited chemostat at 28 degrees C, the mutant strains were almost completely defective in oxidative metabolism. The mutant mitochondria contained significant levels of all respiratory enzymes, and an active, oligomycin-sensitive ATPase, but the ATP-32Pi exchange activity and P : O ratio were very low. 3. The mutations in these strains are genetically closely linked to mit mutations which have been shown to affect a 20 000-dalton ATPase subunit (Roberts, H., Choo, W.M., Murphy, M., Marzuki, S., Lukins, H.B. and Linnane, A.W. (1979) FEBS Lett. 108, 501-504). Since the mitochondrial ATPase in these mutant strains appears to be fully assembled, the defect in the coupling mechanism is probably a result of a small alteration in the structure of the 20 000-dalton ATPase subunit. 4. When the mutant strains were grown at 18 degrees C, the mitochondria had very low cytochrome oxidase activities, and reduced levels of cytochrome aa3. The largest subunit (Mr 40 000) of this enzyme was not synthesized.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|