A mutation in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae SEN1 gene causes accumulation of end-matured, intron-containing pre-tRNAs. Cells containing the thermosensitive sen1-1 mutation exhibit reduced tRNA splicing endonuclease activity. However, Sen1p is not the catalytic subunit of this enzyme. We have used Sen1p-specific antibodies for cell fractionation studies and immunofluorescent microscopy and determined that Sen1p is a low abundance protein of about 239 kDa. It localizes to the nucleus with a granular distribution. We verified that a region in SEN1 containing a putative nuclear localization signal sequence (NLS) is necessary for nuclear targeting. Furthermore, we found that inactivation of Sen1p by temperature shift of a strain carrying sen1-1 leads to mislocalization of two nucleolar proteins, Nop1 and Ssb1. Possible mechanisms are discussed for several related nuclear functions of Sen1p, including tRNA splicing and the maintenance of a normal crescent-shaped nucleolus.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|