We have previously shown that the yeast PRP19 protein is associated with the spliceosome during the splicing reaction by immunoprecipitation studies with anti-PRP19 antibody. We have extended such studies by using extracts depleted of specific splicing factors to investigate the step of the spliceosome assembly process that PRP19 is involved in. PRP19 was not associated with the splicing complexes formed in U2- or U6-depleted extracts but was associated with the splicing complex formed in heat-inactivated prp2 extracts. This finding indicates that PRP19 becomes associated with the splicing complexes after or concomitant with binding of the U6 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein particle (snRNP) to the precursor RNA and before formation of the functional spliceosome. We further analyzed whether PRP19 is an integral component of snRNPs. We have constructed a strain in which an epitope of nine amino acid residues recognized by a well-characterized monoclonal antibody, 12CA5, is linked to the carboxyl terminus of the wild-type PRP19 protein. Immunoprecipitation of the splicing extracts with anti-PRP19 antibody or precipitation of the extracts prepared from the epitope-tagged strain with the 12CA5 antibody did not precipitate significant amounts of snRNAs. Addition of micrococcal nuclease-treated extracts to the PRP19-depleted extract restored its splicing activity. These results indicate that PRP19 is not tightly associated with any of the snRNAs required for the splicing reaction. No non-snRNP protein factor has been demonstrated to participate in either step of the spliceosome assembly pathway that PRP19 might be involved in. Thus, PRP19 represents a novel splicing factor.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|