In the preceding paper of this series (Dujardin et al. 1980 a) we described general methods of selecting and genetically characterizing suppressor mutations that restore the respiratory capacity of mit- mitochondrial mutations. Two dominant nuclear (NAM1-1 and NAM2-1) and one mitochondrial (mim2-1) suppressors are more extensively studied in this paper. We have analysed the action spectrum of these suppressors on 433 mit- mutations located in various mitochondrial genes and found that they preferentially alleviate the effects of mutations located within intron open reading frames of the cob-box gene. We conclude that these suppressors permit the maturation of cytochrome b mRNA by restoring the synthesis of intron encoded protein(s) catalytically involved in splicing i.e. mRNA-maturase(s) (cf. Lazowska et al. 1980). NAM1-1 is allele specific and gene non-specific; it suppresses mutations located within different introns. NAM2-1 and mim2-1 are intron-specific: they suppress mutations all located in the same (box7) intron of the cob-box gene. Analyses of cytochrome absorption spectra and mitochondrial translation products of cells in which the suppressors are associated with various other mit- mutations show that the suppressors restore cytochrome b and/or cytochrome oxidase (cox I) synthesis, as expected from their growth phenotype. This suppression is, however, only partial: some new polypeptides characteristic of the mit- mutations can be still detected in the presence of suppressor. Interestingly enough when box7 specific suppressors NAM2-1 and mim2-1 are associated with a complete cob-box deletion (leading to a total deficiency of cytochrome b and oxidase) partial restoration of cox I synthesis is observed while cytochrome b is still totally absent. These results show that in strains carrying NAM2-1 or mim2-1 the presence of cytochrome b gene is no longer required for the expression of the oxi3 gene pointing out to the possibility of a mutational switch-on of silent genes, whether mitochondrial, mim2-1, or nuclear, NAM2-1. This switch-on would permit the synthesis of an active maturase acting as a substitute for the box7 maturase in order to splice the cytochrome b and oxidase mRNAs.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|