Take our Survey

Reference: Willer M, et al. (1999) The yeast CDC9 gene encodes both a nuclear and a mitochondrial form of DNA ligase I. Curr Biol 9(19):1085-94

Reference Help

Abstract


BACKGROUND: The yeast CDC9 gene encodes a DNA ligase I activity required during nuclear DNA replication to ligate the Okazaki fragments formed when the lagging DNA strand is synthesised. The only other DNA ligase predicted from the yeast genome sequence, DNL4/LIG4, is specifically involved in a non-homologous DNA end-joining reaction. What then is the source of the DNA ligase activity required for replication of the yeast mitochondrial genome? RESULTS: We report that CDC9 encodes two distinct polypeptides expressed from consecutive in-frame AUG codons. Translational initiation at these two sites gives rise to polypeptides differing by a 23 residue amino-terminal extension, which corresponds to a functional mitochondrial pre-sequence sufficient to direct import into yeast mitochondria. Initiation at the first AUG codon results in a 755 amino-acid polypeptide that is imported into mitochondria, whereupon the pre-sequence is proteolytically removed to yield the mature mitochondrial form of Cdc9p. Initiation at the second AUG codon produces a 732 amino-acid polypeptide, which is localised to the nucleus. Cells expressing only the nuclear isoform were found to be specifically defective in the maintenance of the mitochondrial genome. CONCLUSIONS: CDC9 encodes two distinct forms of DNA ligase I. The first is targeted to the mitochondrion and is required for propagation and maintenance of mitochondrial DNA, the second localises to the nucleus and is sufficient for the essential cell-division function associated with this gene.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Willer M, Rainey M, Pullen T, Stirling CJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference