The 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase is responsible for the regulation of fatty acid synthesis by phosphorylation and inactivation of acetyl-CoA carboxylase. The porcine liver 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase 63-kDa catalytic subunit co-purifies 14,000-fold with a 38- and 40-kDa protein (Mitchelhill, K.I. et al. (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 2361-2364). The 63-kDa subunit is homologous to the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Snf1 protein kinase, which regulates gene expression during glucose derepression. Peptide amino acid and polymerase chain reaction-derived partial cDNA sequences of both the pig and rat liver enzymes show that the 38-kDa protein is homologous to Snf4p (CAT3) and that the 40-kDa protein is homologous to the Sip1p/Spm/GAL83 family of Snf1p interacting proteins. Sucrose density gradient and cross-linking experiments with purified 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase suggest that both the 38- and 40-kDa proteins associate tightly with the 63-kDa catalytic polypeptide in either a heterotrimeric complex or in dimeric complexes. The 40-kDa subunit is autophosphorylated within the 63-kDa subunit complex. The sequence relationships between the mammalian 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase and yeast Snf1p extend to the subunit proteins consistent with conservation of the functional roles of these polypeptides in cellular regulation by this family of metabolite-sensing protein kinases.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|