Previous biochemical and genetic studies have demonstrated the universal conservation of the DnaK (Hsp70) chaperone machine. Its three members, DnaK, DnaJ, and GrpE, in Escherichia coli work synergistically to promote protein protection, disaggregation, and import into the various organelles. In the mitochondria of Saccharomyces cerevisiae the three corresponding members are designated as Ssc1p, Mdj1p, and Mge1p, respectively. The MGE1 gene was previously cloned by us and others, and its product has been shown to be absolutely essential for protein transport into mitochondria and hence cell viability. To better understand its biological role, we have proceeded to overexpress and purify the mature Mge1p in E. coli through the construction of the appropriate vector clone. Mge1p has been shown to functionally substitute for its E. coli GrpE counterpart in a variety of its biological functions, including suppression of the bacterial temperature-sensitive phenotype of the grpE280 mutation, formation of a stable complex with DnaK, stimulation of DnaK's ATPase activity, and the refolding of denatured luciferase by the DnaK/DnaJ chaperone proteins. Thus, the function of the GrpE homologues appears to be highly conserved across the biological kingdoms.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|