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Reference: Jiang B, et al. (1995) Regulation of cell wall beta-glucan assembly: PTC1 negatively affects PBS2 action in a pathway that includes modulation of EXG1 transcription. Mol Gen Genet 248(3):260-9

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Abstract


Analysis of genes involved in yeast cell wall beta-glucan assembly has led to the isolation of EXG1, PBS2 and PTC1. EXG1 and PBS2 were isolated as genes that, when expressed from multicopy plasmids, led to a dominant killer toxin-resistant phenotype. The PTC1 gene was cloned by functional complementation of the calcofluor white-hypersensitive mutant cwh47-1. PTC1/CWH47 is the structural gene for a type 2C serine/threonine phosphatase, EXG1 codes for an exo-beta-glucanase, and PBS2 encodes a MAP kinase kinase in the Pbs2p-Hog1p signal transduction pathway. Overexpression of EXG1 on a 2 mu plasmid led to reduction in a cell wall beta 1,6-glucan and caused killer resistance in wild type cells; while the exg1 delta mutant displayed modest increases in killer sensitivity and beta 1,6-glucan levels. Disruption of PTC1/CWH47 and overexpression of PBS2 gave rise to similar beta-glucan related phenotypes, with higher levels of EXG1 transcription, increased exo-beta-glucanase activity, reduced beta 1,6-glucan levels, and resistance to killer toxin. Genetic analysis revealed that loss of function of the PBS2 gene was epistatic to PTC1/CWH47 disruption, indicating a functional role for the Ptc1p/Cwh47p phosphatase in the Pbs2p-Hog1p signal transduction pathway. These results suggest that Ptc1p/Cwh47p and Pbs2p play opposing regulatory roles in cell wall glucan assembly, and that this is effected in part by modulating Exg1p activity.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Jiang B, Ram AF, Sheraton J, Klis FM, Bussey H
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