Reference: Charron MJ and Michels CA (1988) The naturally occurring alleles of MAL1 in Saccharomyces species evolved by various mutagenic processes including chromosomal rearrangement. Genetics 120(1):83-93

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Abstract

In order for a yeast strain to ferment maltose it must contain any one of the five dominant MAL loci. Each dominant MAL locus thus far analyzed contains three genes: GENE 1, encoding maltose permease, GENE 2 encoding maltase and GENE 3 encoding a positive trans-acting regulatory protein. In addition to these dominant MAL loci, several naturally occurring, partially functional alleles of MAL1 and MAL3 have been identified. Here, we present genetic and molecular analysis of the three partially functional alleles of MAL1: the MAL1p allele which can express only the MAL activator; the MAL1 g allele which can express both a maltose permease and maltase; and the mal1(0) allele which can express only maltase. Based on our results, we propose that the MAL1p, MAL1g and mal1(0) alleles evolved from the dominant MAL1 locus by a series of rearrangements and/or deletions of this yeast telomere-associated locus as well as by other mutagenic processes of gene inactivation. One surprising finding is that the MAL1g-encoded maltose permease exhibits little sequence homology to the MAL1-encoded maltose permease though they appear to be functionally homologous.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Charron MJ, Michels CA
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