Repression of transcription from the silent mating loci (HML alpha and HMRa) is essential for mating ability in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This silencing is known to require at least five proteins (SIR1, SIR2, SIR3, SIR4, and histone H4) and is accompanied by a change in chromatin structure. We show here that four positions of histone H4 (N-terminal residues 16, 17, 18, and 19) are crucial to silencing. HML alpha and HMRa are efficiently repressed when these positions are occupied by basic amino acids but are derepressed when substituted with glycine. These results suggest that acetylation of Lys-16 would lead to derepression of the silent mating loci. Three strong extragenic suppressors of the latter H4 mutations were isolated and determined to be located in SIR3. These suppressors allow high mating efficiencies in cells expressing either wild-type H4 or H4 containing single amino acid substitutions. They did not allow efficient mating in a strain that contained an H4 N-terminal deletion. These results indicate that the SIR3 mutations do not bypass the requirement for the H4 N terminus but, rather, allow repression in the presence of a less than optimal H4 N terminus. This provides a link between one of the SIR proteins and a component of chromatin.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|