Reference: Muntau AC, et al. (2000) The human PEX3 gene encoding a peroxisomal assembly protein: genomic organization, positional mapping, and mutation analysis in candidate phenotypes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 268(3):704-10

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Abstract

In yeasts, the peroxin Pex3p was identified as a peroxisomal integral membrane protein that presumably plays a role in the early steps of peroxisomal assembly. In humans, defects of peroxins cause peroxisomal biogenesis disorders such as Zellweger syndrome. We previously reported data on the human PEX3 cDNA and its protein, which in addition to the peroxisomal targeting sequence contains a putative endoplasmic reticulum targeting signal. Here we report the genomic organization, sequencing of the putative promoter region, chromosomal localization, and physical mapping of the human PEX3 gene. The gene is composed of 12 exons and 11 introns spanning a region of approximately 40 kb. The highly conserved putative promoter region is very GC rich, lacks typical TATA and CCAAT boxes, and contains potential Sp1, AP1, and AP2 binding sites. The gene was localized to chromosome 6q23-24 and D6S279 was identified to be the closest positional marker. As yeast mutants deficient in PEX3 have been shown to lack peroxisomes as well as any peroxisomal remnant structures, human PEX3 is a candidate gene for peroxisomal assembly disorders. Mutation analysis of the human PEX3 gene was therefore performed in fibroblasts from patients suffering from peroxisome biogenesis disorders. Complementation groups 1, 4, 7, 8, and 9 according to the numbering system of Kennedy Krieger Institute were analyzed but no difference to the wild-type sequence was detected. PEX3 mutations were therefore excluded as the molecular basis of the peroxisomal defect in these complementation groups. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Muntau AC, Holzinger A, Mayerhofer PU, Gartner J, Roscher AA, Kammerer S
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