Reference: Yan Q, et al. (1999) The Ost1p subunit of yeast oligosaccharyl transferase recognizes the peptide glycosylation site sequence, -Asn-X-Ser/Thr-. J Biol Chem 274(8):5021-5

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Abstract

Other laboratories have established that oligosaccharyl transferase (OST) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be purified as a protein complex containing eight different subunits. To identify the OST subunit that recognizes the peptide sites that can be glycosylated, we developed photoaffinity probes containing a photoreactive benzophenone derivative, p-benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa), as part of an 125I-labeled peptide that could be expected to be glycosylated. We found that Asn-Bpa-Thr peptides served as substrates for OST and that photoactivation of these probes in the presence of microsomes abolished the OST activity. Photoactivation of 125I-labeled Asn-Bpa-Thr in the presence of microsomes resulted in specific covalent labeling of a protein doublet of molecular mass 62 and 64 kDa. By carrying out the photoactivation of the probe using microsomes containing epitope-tagged Ost1p, we demonstrated that the 125I-labeled protein was Ost1p. Radiolabeling of this protein was dependent on irradiation at 350 nm. No labeling was detected using a probe containing Ala instead of Thr as the third amino acid residue. We conclude that Ost1p is the subunit of the OST complex that recognizes the peptide sites in the nascent chains that are destined to be glycosylated.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Yan Q, Prestwich GD, Lennarz WJ
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