Take our Survey

Reference: Bramhall EA, et al. (1997) Identification of amino acid residues at nucleotide-binding sites of chaperonin GroEL/GroES and cpn10 by photoaffinity labeling with 2-azido-adenosine 5'-triphosphate. Eur J Biochem 244(2):627-34

Reference Help

Abstract

Although the chaperonin GroEL/GroES complex binds and hydrolyzes ATP, its structure is unlike other known ATPases. In order to better characterize its nucleotide binding sites, we have photolabeled the complex with the affinity analog 2-azido-ATP. Three residues of GroEL, Pro137, Cys138 and Thr468, are labeled by the probe. The location of these residues in the GroEL crystal structure [Braig, K., Otwinowski, Z., Hedge, R., Boisvert, D., Joachimiak, A., Horwich, A. & Sigler, P. (1994) Nature 371, 578-586: Boisvert, D. C., Wang, J., Otwinowski, Z., Horwich, A. L. & Sigler, P. B. (1996) Nat. Struct. Biol. 3, 170-177] suggests that 2-azido-ATP binds to an alternative conformer of GroEL in the presence of GroES. The labeled site appears to be located at the GroEL/GroEL subunit interface since modification of Pro137 and Cys138 is most readily explained by attack of a probe molecule bound to the adjacent GroEL subunit. Labeling of the co-chaperonin, GroES, is clearly demonstrated on gels and the covalent tethering of nucleotide allows detection of a GroES dimer in the presence of SDS. However, no stable peptide derivative of GroES could be purified for sequencing. In contrast, the GroES homolog, yeast cpn10, does give a stable derivative. The modified amino acid is identified as the conserved Pro13, which corresponds to Pro5 in Escherichia coli GroES.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
Bramhall EA, Cross RL, Rospert S, Steede NK, Landry SJ
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference