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Reference: White MJ, et al. (1991) The OPI1 gene of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, a negative regulator of phospholipid biosynthesis, encodes a protein containing polyglutamine tracts and a leucine zipper. J Biol Chem 266(2):863-72

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Abstract

In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, recessive mutations at the OPI1 locus result in constitutively derepressed expression of inositol 1-phosphate synthase, the product of the INO1 gene. Many of the other enzymes involved in phospholipid biosynthesis are also expressed at high derepressed levels in opi1 mutants. Thus, the OPI1 gene is believed to encode a negative regulator that is required to repress a whole subset of structural genes encoding for phospholipid biosynthetic enzymes. In this study, the OPI1 gene was mapped to chromosome VIII and cloned. When transformed into an opi1 mutant, the cloned DNA was capable of complementing the mutant phenotype and restoring correct regulation to the INO1 structural gene. Construction of two opi1 disruption alleles and subsequent genetic analysis of strains bearing these alleles confirmed that the cloned DNA was homologous to the genomic OPI1 locus. Furthermore, the OPI1 gene was found to be nonessential to the organism since mutants bearing the null allele were viable and exhibited a phenotype similar to that of previously isolated opi1 mutants. Similar to other opi1 mutants, the opi1 disruption mutants accumulated INO1 mRNA constitutively to a level 2-3-fold higher than that observed in wild-type cells. The cloned OPI1 gene was sequenced, and translation of the open reading frame predicted a protein composed of 404 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 40,036. The predicted Opi1 protein contained a well defined heptad repeat of leucine residues that has been observed in other regulatory proteins. In addition, the predicted protein contained polyglutamine residue stretches which have also been reported in yeast genes having regulatory functions. Sequencing of opi1 mutant alleles, isolated after chemical mutagenesis, revealed that several were the result of a chain termination mutation located within the largest polyglutamine residue stretch.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
Authors
White MJ, Hirsch JP, Henry SA
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