The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has three cell types distinguished by the proteins encoded in their mating type (MAT) loci: the a and alpha haploids, which express the DNA binding proteins a1 and alpha 1 and alpha 2, respectively, and the a/alpha diploid which expresses both a1 and alpha 2 proteins. In a/alpha cells, a1-alpha 2 heterodimers repress haploid-specific genes, while alpha 2 homodimers repress a-specific genes, indicating a dual regulatory function for alpha 2 in mating type control. a1 does not form homodimers. We have identified two sequences in the alpha 2 N-terminal domain which contain the 3,4-hydrophobic heptad repeat pattern characteristic of coiled-coils. Mutational analyses show that both sequences are important to a1-alpha 2 heterodimerization. We propose that these two sequences associate in a coiled-coil-like manner with a sequence within a1 which bears two adjacent, overlapping 3,4-hydrophobic heptad repeats. This model, which describes a novel dimerization motif for homeodomain proteins, also provides a mechanism by which a1-a1 homodimerization is prevented.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|