Cells respond to stress by altering gene expression, and these adjustments facilitate stress tolerance. Although transcriptional changes are integral to most stress responses, little is known about the mechanisms that permit the transcription apparatus itself to tolerate stress. Here we report that a major role of the RNA polymerase II subunit RPB4 is to permit appropriate transcriptional responses during stress. Yeast cells lacking RPB4 have essentially wild-type growth rates at moderate temperatures (18 to 22 degrees C), but their growth rates are substantially reduced at temperatures outside this range. When subjected to a heat shock, cells lacking RPB4 rapidly lose the ability to transcribe genes and experience a dramatic loss in viability. When cells lacking RPB4 are subjected to the nutrient stress that accompanies entry into stationary phase, they also exhibit a substantial decline in mRNA synthesis and in viability relative to wild-type cells. Interestingly, the portion of RNA polymerase II molecules that contain RPB4 is small in log phase but increases substantially as cells enter stationary phase. We propose that the association of RPB4 with the other RNA polymerase II subunits increases the tolerance of the enzyme to stress.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|