Reference: Walker ME, et al. (1990) Transport of the yeast ATP synthase beta-subunit into mitochondria. Effects of amino acid substitutions on targeting. Biochem J 266(1):227-34

Reference Help

Abstract


We have isolated the yeast ATP2 gene encoding the beta-subunit of mitochondrial ATP synthase and determined its nucleotide sequence. A fusion between the N-terminal 15 amino acid residues of beta-subunit and the mouse cytosolic protein dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) was transcribed and translated in vitro and found to be transported into isolated yeast mitochondria. A fusion with the first 35 amino acid residues of beta-subunit attached to DHFR was not only transported but also proteolytically processed by a mitochondrial protease. Amino acid substitutions were introduced into the N-terminal presequence of the beta-subunit by bisulphite mutagenesis of the corresponding DNA. The effects of these mutations on mitochondrial targeting were assessed by transport experiments in vitro using DHFR fusion proteins. All of the mutants, harbourin from one to six amino acid substitutions in the first 14 residues of the presequence, were transported into mitochondria, though at least one of them (I8) was transported and proteolytically processed at a much reduced rate. The I8 mutant beta-subunit also exhibited poor transport and processing in vivo, and expression of this mutant polypeptide failed to complement the glycerol- phenotype of a yeast ATP2 mutant. More remarkably, the expression of I8 beta-subunit induced a more general growth defect in yeast, possibly due to interference with the transport of other, essential, mitochondrial proteins.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Authors
Walker ME, Valentin E, Reid GA
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations


Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations


Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference