Grr1 protein of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is a central component of a glucose signal transduction mechanism responsible for glucose-induced gene expression. It is required for glucose-stimulated regulation of Rgt1, a repressor of several glucose-induced HXT genes. Grr1 also plays a role in regulating the cell cycle, because it is required for degradation of the G1 cyclins Cln1 and Cln2. We discovered that Grr1 physically interacts with Skp1, a protein that has been implicated in a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme complex that targets for degradation the cell cycle regulators Cln1 and Cln2, and the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor Sic1. Thus, Grr1 may regulate the cell cycle and glucose-induced gene expression via ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation. Consistent with this idea, Skp1, like Grr1, was found to be required for glucose-induced HXT gene expression. Two functional domains of Grr1 are required for its interaction with Skp1: 12 leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and an adjacent F-box. The Grr1-Skp1 interaction is enhanced by high levels of glucose. This could provide yeast with a mechanism for coupling nutrient availability to gene expression and cell cycle regulation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Annotation Extension||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Assay||Construct||Conditions||Strain Background||Reference|