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Reference: Saudek V, et al. (1990) Solution structure of the DNA-binding domain of the yeast transcriptional activator protein GCN4. Protein Eng 4(1):3-10

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Abstract

The solution structure of an active synthetic peptide containing both the leucine zipper and the adjacent basic domain of the yeast transcription factor GCN4 (residues 220-280) was determined by NMR. The two domains show structurally distinct behaviours. In the absence of DNA, the basic domain is, although very flexible, structured and fluctuating around a helical conformation. The leucine zipper region forms a long, uninterrupted helix. From a suitable set of NMR distances the three-dimensional structure of the leucine zipper monomeric sub-domain was calculated by distance geometry algorithms. The structure of the symmetrical parallel dimer was obtained by model building using the NMR information. A smaller peptide with the sequence of the isolated basic region (residues 1-35 of the 61 residue peptide) was also synthesized. Circular dichroism studies showed 30-40% helicity. A flexible helix spans the region between residues 8 and 21. The comparison of our results with suggested models is discussed in detail.

Reference Type
Journal Article
Authors
Saudek V, Pastore A, Castiglione Morelli MA, Frank R, Gausepohl H, Gibson T, Weih F, Roesch P
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