The pleiotropic drug resistance protein, Pdr5p, is an ATP-binding cassette transporter of the plasma membrane of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Overexpression of Pdr5p results in increased cell resistance to a variety of cytotoxic compounds, a phenotype reminiscent of the multiple drug resistance seen in tumor cells. Pdr5p and two other yeast ATP-binding cassette transporters, Snq2p and Yor1p, were found to be phosphorylated on serine residues in vitro. Mutations in the plasma membrane-bound casein kinase I isoforms, Yck1p and Yck2p, abolished Pdr5p phosphorylation and modified the multiple drug resistance profile. We showed Pdr5p to be ubiquitylated when overexpressed. However, instability of Pdr5p was only seen in Yck1p- and Yck2p-deficient strains, in which it was degraded in the vacuole via a Pep4p-dependent mechanism. Our results suggest that casein kinase I activity is required for membrane trafficking of Pdr5p to the cell surface. In the absence of functional Yck1p and Yck2p, Pdr5p is transported to the vacuole for degradation.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|