In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, most of the LYS structural genes have been identified except the genes encoding homocitrate synthase and alpha-aminoadipate aminotransferase. Expression of several LYS genes responds to an induction mechanism mediated by the product of LYS14 and an intermediate of the pathway, alpha-aminoadipate semialdehyde (alpha AASA) as an inducer. This activation is modulated by the presence of lysine in the growth medium leading to an apparent repression. Since the first enzyme of the pathway, homocitrate synthase, is feedback inhibited by lysine, it could be a major element in the control of alpha AASA supply. During the sequencing of chromosome IV of S. cerevisiae, the sequence of ORF D1298 showing a significant similarity with the nifV gene of Azotobacter vinelandii was reported. Disruption and overexpression of ORF D1298 demonstrate that this gene, named LYS20, encodes a homocitrate synthase. The disrupted segregants are able to grow on minimal medium and exhibit reduced but significant homocitrate synthase indicating that this activity is catalysed by at least two isoenzymes. We have also shown that the product of LYS20 is responsible for the greater part of the lysine production. The different isoforms are sensitive to inhibition by lysine but only the expression of LYS20 is strongly repressed by lysine. The N-terminal end of homocitrate synthase isoform coded by LYS20 contains no typical mitochondrial targeting sequence, suggesting that this enzyme is not located in the mitochondria.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|