Two membrane proteins were identified through their genetic interaction with the nucleoporin Nup84p and shown to participate in nuclear envelope morphogenesis in yeast. One component is a known sporulation factor Spo7p, and the other, Nem1p, a novel protein whose C-terminal domain is conserved during eukaryotic evolution. Spo7p and Nem1p localize to the nuclear/ER membrane and behave biochemically as integral membrane proteins. Nem1p binds to Spo7p via its conserved C-terminal domain. Although cells without Spo7p or Nem1p are viable, they exhibit a drastically altered nuclear morphology with long, pore-containing double nuclear membrane extensions. These protrusions emanate from a core nucleus which contains the DNA, and penetrate deeply into the cytoplasm. Interestingly, not only Spo7(-) and Nem1(-), but also several nucleoporin mutants are defective in sporulation. Thus, Spo7p and Nem1p, which exhibit a strong genetic link to nucleoporins of the Nup84p complex, fulfil an essential role in formation of a spherical nucleus and meiotic division.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|