We have isolated a gene from Neurospora crassa that appears to encode a pepstatin-sensitive protease found both in membranes and in soluble contents of vacuoles. The gene contains two introns and encodes a 396-residue protein with a molecular mass of 42,900 Da. Because of the similarity of the protein to proteinase A in Saccharomyces cerevisiae the gene has been named pep-4. Strains with mutations in the pep-4 gene were generated in vivo by the gene RIPing procedure described by Selker and Garrett (Selker, E. U., and Garrett, P. W. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 85, 6870-6874). The mutant strains were deficient in pepstatin-sensitive protease activity and did not appear to produce a major 42-kDa polypeptide in the vacuole. The mutant strains grew at the same rate as the wild type and had no other observable phenotype. When compared with inactivation of the PEP4 gene of S. cerevisiae, inactivation of the pep-4 gene in N. crassa produced a phenotype that was different in several ways. In N. crassa the mutant strains did not exhibit reduced sporulation or reduced viability after nitrogen starvation, and they had elevated levels of proteinase B and carboxypeptidase activities. The pep-4 gene appears to encode the N. crassa, homolog of proteinase A, but the maturation of vacuolar hydrolases appeared to be less dependent on this protease than has been observed in S. cerevisiae.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|