Cytosolic free Ca2+ is maintained at submicromolar levels in budding yeast by the activity of Ca2+ pumps and antiporters. We have recently identified the structural genes for two Ca2+ pumps, PMC1 [correction of PCM1] and PMR1, which are required for Ca2+ sequestration into the vacuole and secretory organelles, respectively. The function of either Ca2+ pump is sufficient for yeast viability, but deletion of both genes is lethal because of elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+] and activation of calcineurin, a Ca(2+)- and calmodulin-dependent protein phosphatase. Calcineurin activation decreases Ca2+ sequestration in the vacuole by a putative Ca2+ antiporter and may also increase Ca2+ pump activity. These regulatory processes can affect the ability of yeast strains to tolerate high extracellular [Ca2+]. We propose a model in which the cellular response to changes in the environmental levels of Ca2+ is mediated by calmodulin and calcineurin which, in turn, modulate the various types of Ca2+ transporters.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|