Reference: Marton MJ, et al. (1993) GCN1, a translational activator of GCN4 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is required for phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 by protein kinase GCN2. Mol Cell Biol 13(6):3541-56

Reference Help

Abstract

Phosphorylation of the alpha subunit of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF-2 alpha) by the protein kinase GCN2 mediates increased translation of the transcriptional activator GCN4 in amino acid-starved yeast cells. We show that this key phosphorylation event and the attendant translational induction of GCN4 are dependent on the product of a previously uncharacterized gene, GCN1. Inactivation of GCN1 did not affect the level of eIF-2 alpha phosphorylation when mammalian eIF-2 alpha kinases were expressed in yeast cells in place of GCN2, arguing against an involvement of GCN1 in dephosphorylation of eIF-2 alpha. In addition, while GCN1 is required in vivo for phosphorylation of eIF-2 alpha by GCN2, cell extracts from gcn1 delta strains contained wild-type levels of GCN2 eIF-2 alpha-kinase activity. On the basis of these results, we propose that GCN1 is not needed for GCN2 kinase activity per se but is required for in vivo activation of GCN2 in response to the starvation signal, uncharged tRNA. GCN1 encodes a protein of 297 kDa with an 88-kDa region that is highly similar in sequence to translation elongation factor 3 identified in several fungal species. This sequence similarity raises the possibility that GCN1 interacts with ribosomes or tRNA molecules and functions in conjunction with GCN2 in monitoring uncharged tRNA levels during the process of translation elongation.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Comparative Study
Authors
Marton MJ, Crouch D, Hinnebusch AG
Primary Lit For
Additional Lit For
Review For

Interaction Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page by using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details about experiment type and any other genes involved in the interaction.

Interactor Interactor Type Assay Annotation Action Modification Phenotype Source Reference

Gene Ontology Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table.

Gene Gene Ontology Term Qualifier Aspect Method Evidence Source Assigned On Annotation Extension Reference

Phenotype Annotations

Increase the total number of rows showing on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; filter the table using the "Filter" box at the top of the table; click on the small "i" buttons located within a cell for an annotation to view further details.

Gene Phenotype Experiment Type Mutant Information Strain Background Chemical Details Reference

Regulation Annotations

Increase the total number of rows displayed on this page using the pull-down located below the table, or use the page scroll at the table's top right to browse through the table's pages; use the arrows to the right of a column header to sort by that column; to filter the table by a specific experiment type, type a keyword into the Filter box (for example, “microarray”); download this table as a .txt file using the Download button or click Analyze to further view and analyze the list of target genes using GO Term Finder, GO Slim Mapper, SPELL, or YeastMine.

Regulator Target Experiment Assay Construct Conditions Strain Background Reference