Regulated transcription initiation requires, in addition to RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors, accessory factors termed mediators or adapters. We have used affinity chromatography to identify a collection of factors that associate with Saccharomyces cerevisiae RNA polymerase II (P. A. Wade, W. Werel, R. C. Fentzke, N. E. Thompson, J. F. Leykam, R. R. Burgess, J. A. Jaehning, and Z. F. Burton, submitted for publication). Here we report identification and characterization of a gene encoding one of these factors, PAF1 (for RNA polymerase-associated factor 1). PAF1 encodes a novel, highly charged protein of 445 amino acids. Disruption of PAF1 in S. cerevisiae leads to pleiotropic phenotypic traits, including slow growth, temperature sensitivity, and abnormal cell morphology. Consistent with a possible role in transcription, Paf1p is localized to the nucleus. By comparing the abundances of many yeast transcripts in isogenic wild-type and paf1 mutant strains, we have identified genes whose expression is affected by PAF1. In particular, disruption of PAF1 decreases the induction of the galactose-regulated genes three- to fivefold. In contrast, the transcript level of MAK16, an essential gene involved in cell cycle regulation, is greatly increased in the paf1 mutant strain. Paf1p may therefore be required for both positive and negative regulation of subsets of yeast genes. Like Paf1p, the GAL11 gene product is found associated with RNA polymerase II and is required for regulated expression of many yeast genes including those controlled by galactose. We have found that a gal11 paf1 double mutant has a much more severe growth defect than either of the single mutants, indicating that these two proteins may function in parallel pathways to communicate signals from regulatory factors to RNA polymerase II.
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Interactor||Interactor Systematic Name||Type||Assay||Annotation||Action||Modification||Phenotype||Source||Reference||Note|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Gene Ontology Term||Gene Ontology Term ID||Qualifier||Aspect||Method||Evidence||Source||Assigned On||Reference||Annotation Extension|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Gene||Gene Systematic Name||Phenotype||Experiment Type||Experiment Type Category||Mutant Information||Strain Background||Chemical||Details||Reference|
|Evidence ID||Analyze ID||Regulator||Regulator Systematic Name||Target||Target Systematic Name||Experiment||Conditions||Strain||Source||Reference|