Reference: Daley JM, et al. (2015) Biochemical mechanism of DSB end resection and its regulation. DNA Repair (Amst) 32:66-74

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Abstract


DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) in cells can undergo nucleolytic degradation to generate long 3' single-stranded DNA tails. This process is termed DNA end resection, and its occurrence effectively commits to break repair via homologous recombination, which entails the acquisition of genetic information from an intact, homologous donor DNA sequence. Recent advances, prompted by the identification of the nucleases that catalyze resection, have revealed intricate layers of functional redundancy, interconnectedness, and regulation. Here, we review the current state of the field with an emphasis on the major questions that remain to be answered. Topics addressed will include how resection initiates via the introduction of an endonucleolytic incision close to the break end, the molecular mechanism of the conserved MRE11 complex in conjunction with Sae2/CtIP within such a model, the role of BRCA1 and 53BP1 in regulating resection initiation in mammalian cells, the influence of chromatin in the resection process, and potential roles of novel factors.

Reference Type
Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Review
Authors
Daley JM, Niu H, Miller AS, Sung P
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