Garcia-Oliver E, et al. (2012) mRNA export and gene expression: the SAGA-TREX-2 connection. Biochim Biophys Acta 1819(6):555-65
Abstract: In the gene expression field, different steps have been traditionally viewed as discrete and unconnected events. Nowadays, genetic and functional studies support the model of a coupled network of physical and functional connections to carry out mRNA biogenesis. Gene expression is a coordinated process that comprises different linked steps like transcription, RNA processing, export to the cytoplasm, translation and degradation of mRNAs. Its regulation is essential for cellular survival and can occur at many different levels. Transcription is the central function that occurs in the nucleus, and RNAPII plays an essential role in mRNA biogenesis. During transcription, nascent mRNA is associated with the mRNA-binding proteins involved in processing and export of the mRNA particle. Cells have developed a network of multi-protein complexes whose functions regulate the different factors involved both temporally and spatially. This coupling mechanism acts as a quality control to solve some of the organization problems of gene expression in vivo, where all the factors implicated ensure that mRNAs are ready to be exported and translated. In this review, we focus on the functional coupling of gene transcription and mRNA export, and place particular emphasis on the relationship between the NPC-associated complex, TREX2, and the transcription co-activator, SAGA. We have pinpointed the experimental evidence for Sus1's roles in transcription initiation, transcription elongation and mRNA export. In addition, we have reviewed other NPC-related processes such as gene gating to the nuclear envelope, the chromatin structure and the cellular context in which these processes take place. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Nuclear Transport and RNA Processing.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Review||PubMed ID: 22178374|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 24
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