Omnus DJ and Ljungdahl PO (2013) Rts1-protein phosphatase 2A antagonizes Ptr3-mediated activation of the signaling protease Ssy5 by casein kinase I. Mol Biol Cell 24(9):1480-92
Abstract: Ligand-induced conformational changes of plasma membrane receptors initiate signals that enable cells to respond to discrete extracellular cues. In response to extracellular amino acids, the yeast Ssy1-Ptr3-Ssy5 sensor triggers the endoproteolytic processing of transcription factors Stp1 and Stp2 to induce amino acid uptake. Activation of the processing protease Ssy5 depends on the signal-induced phosphorylation of its prodomain by casein kinase I (Yck1/2). Phosphorylation is required for subsequent Skp1/Cullin/Grr1 E3 ubiquitin ligase-dependent polyubiquitylation and proteasomal degradation of the inhibitory prodomain. Here we show that Rts1, a regulatory subunit of the general protein phosphatase 2A, and Ptr3 have opposing roles in controlling Ssy5 prodomain phosphorylation. Rts1 constitutively directs protein phosphatase 2A activity toward the prodomain, effectively setting a signaling threshold required to mute Ssy5 activation in the absence of amino acid induction. Ptr3 functions as an adaptor that transduces conformational signals initiated by the Ssy1 receptor to dynamically induce prodomain phosphorylation by mediating the proximity of the Ssy5 prodomain and Yck1/2. Our results demonstrate how pathway-specific and general signaling components function synergistically to convert an extracellular stimulus into a highly specific, tuned, and switch-like transcriptional response that is critical for cells to adapt to changes in nutrient availability.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 23447701|