Rieder A, et al. (2013) Generic tools to assess genuine carbohydrate specific effects on in vitro immune modulation exemplified by beta-glucans. Carbohydr Polym 92(2):2075-83
Abstract: Even if carbohydrate preparations from plant/fungal sources have a high degree of purity, observed immune-stimulation may be caused by minute sample contaminations. Using the example of different beta-glucans we present a range of analytical tools crucial for validation of possible immune-stimulatory effects. Two yeast (MacroGard and Zymosan) and one cereal beta-glucan (CBG40) increased IL-8 secretion by HT-29 cells considerably. Degradation of the beta-glucan samples with beta-glucan specific enzymes did hardly influence the effect of Zymosan and CBG40 but significantly decreased the effect of MacroGard. Stimulation of IL-8 secretion by CBG40 and Zymosan was hence not due to their beta-glucan content. Instead, the effect of the CBG40 sample was due to low levels of LPS despite the inability of the known LPS inhibitor Polymyxin B to supress its stimulatory effect. We conclude that targeted enzymatic degradation of samples is a powerful validation tool to investigate carbohydrate specific immune-modulation.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't||PubMed ID: 23399260|