McAleenan A, et al. (2012) SUMOylation of the alpha-kleisin subunit of cohesin is required for DNA damage-induced cohesion. Curr Biol 22(17):1564-75
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Cohesion between sister chromatids is fundamental to ensure faithful chromosome segregation during mitosis and accurate repair of DNA damage postreplication. At the molecular level, cohesion establishment involves two defined events, a chromatin binding step and a chromatid entrapment event driven by posttranslational modifications on cohesin subunits. RESULTS: Here, we show that modification by the small ubiquitin-like protein (SUMO) is required for sister chromatid tethering after DNA damage. We find that all subunits of cohesin become SUMOylated upon exposure to DNA damaging agents or presence of a DNA double-strand break. We have mapped all lysine residues on cohesin's alpha-kleisin subunit Mcd1 (Scc1) where SUMO can conjugate. We demonstrate that Mcd1 SUMOylation-deficient alleles are still recruited to DSB-proximal regions but are defective in tethering sister chromatids and consequently fail to establish damage-induced cohesion both at DSBs and undamaged chromosomes. Moreover, we demonstrate that the bulk of Mcd1 SUMOylation in response to damage is carried out by the SUMO E3 ligase Nse2, a subunit of the related Smc5-Smc6 complex. SUMOylation occurs in cells with compromised Chk1 kinase activity, necessary for known posttranslational modifications on Mcd1, required for damage-induced cohesion. CONCLUSIONS: These findings demonstrate that SUMOylation of Mcd1 is a novel prerequisite for the establishment of DNA damage-induced cohesion at DSB-proximal regions and cohesion-associating regions (CARs) genome-wide.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't||PubMed ID: 22771042|
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