Chartron JW, et al. (2012) The complex process of GETting tail-anchored membrane proteins to the ER. Curr Opin Struct Biol 22(2):217-24
Abstract: Biosynthesis of membrane proteins requires that hydrophobic transmembrane (TM) regions be shielded from the cytoplasm while being directed to the correct membrane. Tail-anchored (TA) membrane proteins, characterized by a single C-terminal TM, pose an additional level of complexity because they must be post-translationally targeted. In eukaryotes, the GET pathway shuttles TA-proteins to the endoplasmic reticulum. The key proteins required in yeast (Sgt2 and Get1-5) have been under extensive structural and biochemical investigation during recent years. The central protein Get3 utilizes nucleotide linked conformational changes to facilitate substrate loading and targeting. Here we analyze this complex process from a structural perspective, as understood in yeast, and further postulate on similar pathways in other domains of life.CI - Copyright (c) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 22444563|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 6
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