Bircham PW, et al. (2011)
Secretory pathway genes assessed by high-throughput microscopy and synthetic genetic array analysis. Mol Biosyst
Abstract: We developed a procedure for automated confocal microscopy to image the effect of the non-essential yeast gene deletion set on the localisation of the plasma membrane GFP-labelled protein Mrh1p-GFP. To achieve this it was necessary to devise an expression system expressing Redstar2 RFP-fluorescence specifically in the nucleus, mCherry RFP at a lower intensity in the cytoplasm and Mrh1p-GFP in the plasma membrane. This fluorescence labelling scheme utilising specifically designed image analysis scripts allowed automated segmentation of the cells into sub-regions comprising nuclei, cytoplasm and cell-surface. From this high-throughput high content screening approach we were able to determine that gene deletions including emc1?, emc2?, emc3?, emc4?, emc5? and emc6?, caused intracellular mislocalisation at the ER of a plasma membrane protein Mrh1p-GFP. CPY processing patterns were unaffected in these mutants and collectively our data suggest a transport role for the EMC genes within the early secretory pathway. HAC1 is central to the unfolded protein response (UPR) and in its absence, i.e. the absence of UPR, emc1?-, emc3?-, emc4?-, emc5?-hac1? double mutants were specifically hypersensitive to ER-stress (tunicamycin) lending credence to the usefulness of the high content microscope screening for discovery of functional effects of single mutants.
||Type: Journal Article ||PubMed ID: 21731954 |