Tomko RJ Jr, et al. (2010) Heterohexameric ring arrangement of the eukaryotic proteasomal ATPases: implications for proteasome structure and assembly. Mol Cell 38(3):393-403
Abstract: The proteasome has a paramount role in eukaryotic cell regulation. It consists of a proteolytic core particle (CP) bound to one or two regulatory particles (RPs). Each RP is believed to include six different AAA+ ATPases in a heterohexameric ring that binds the CP while unfolding and translocating substrates into the core. No atomic-resolution RP structures are available. Guided by crystal structures of related homohexameric prokaryotic ATPases, we use disulfide engineering to show that the eukaryotic ATPases form a ring with the arrangement Rpt1-Rpt2-Rpt6-Rpt3-Rpt4-Rpt5 in fully assembled proteasomes. The arrangement is consistent with known assembly intermediates. This quaternary organization clarifies the functional overlap of specific RP assembly chaperones and led us to identify a potential RP assembly intermediate that includes four ATPases (Rpt6-Rpt3-Rpt4-Rpt5) and their cognate chaperones (Rpn14, Nas6, and Nas2). Finally, the ATPase ring structure casts light on alternative RP structural models and the mechanism of RP action.CI - Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't||PubMed ID: 20471945|
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