Riekhof WR, et al. (2007) Lysophosphatidylcholine metabolism in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: the role of P-type ATPases in transport and a broad specificity acyltransferase in acylation. J Biol Chem 282(51):36853-61
Abstract: We recently described a new route for the synthesis of PtdEtn from exogenous lyso-PtdEtn, which we have termed the exogenous lysolipid metabolism (ELM) pathway. The ELM pathway for lyso-PtdEtn requires the action of plasma membrane P-type ATPases Dnf1p and Dnf2p, and their requisite ss-subunit, Lem3p, for the active uptake of lyso-PtdEtn. In addition, the acyl-CoA dependent acyltransferase, Ale1p, mediates the acylation of the imported lysolipid to form PtdEtn. We now report that these components of the lyso-PtdEtn ELM pathway are also active with lyso-PtdCho as a substrate. Lyso-PtdCho supports the growth of a choline auxotrophic pem1 pem2 strain. Uptake of radiolabeled lyso-PtdCho was impaired by the dnf2 and lem3 mutations. Introduction of a lem3 mutation into a pem1 pem2 background impaired the ability of the resulting strain to grow with lyso-PtdCho as the sole precursor of PtdCho. After import of lyso-PtdCho, the recently characterized lyso-PtdEtn acyltransferase, Ale1p, functioned as the sole lyso-PtdCho acyltransferase in yeast. A pem1 pem2 ale1 strain grew with lyso-PtdCho as a substrate, but showed a profound reduction in PtdCho content when lyso-PtdCho was the only precursor of PtdCho. Ale1p acylates lyso-PtdCho with a preference for monounsaturated acyl-CoA species, and the specific LPCAT activity of Ale1p in yeast membranes is >50 fold higher than the basal rate of de novo aminoglycerophospholipid biosynthesis from PtdSer synthase activity. In addition to lyso-PtdCho, lyso-PtdEtn, and lyso-PtdOH, Ale1p was also active with lyso-PtdSer, lyso-PtdGro, and lyso-PtdIns as substrates. These results establish a new pathway for the net synthesis of PtdCho in yeast, and provide new tools for the study of PtdCho synthesis, transport, and remodeling.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 17951629|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 7
- To find other papers on a gene and topic, click on the colored ball in the appropriate box.
- displays other papers with information about that topic for that gene.
- displays other papers in SGD that are associated with that topic.
The topic is addressed in these papers but does not describe a specific gene or chromosomal feature.
- To go to the Locus page for a gene, click on the gene name.