Hatin I, et al. (2007) Fine-Tuning of Translation Termination Efficiency in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Involves Two Factors in Close Proximity to the Exit Tunnel of the Ribosome. Genetics 177(3):1527-37
Abstract: In eukaryotes, release factor 1 and 3 (eRF1 and eRF3) are recruited to promote translation termination when a stop codon on the mRNA enters at the ribosomal A-site. However, their over-expression increases only moderately termination efficiency, suggesting that other factors might be involved in the termination process. In order to determine such unknown components, we performed a genetic screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that identified genes increasing termination efficiency when over-expressed. For this purpose, we constructed a dedicated reporter strain in which a leaky stop codon is inserted into the chromosomal copy of the ade2 gene. Twenty-five anti-suppressor candidates were identified and characterized for their impact on readthrough. Among them, SSB1 and snR18, two factors close to the exit tunnel of the ribosome, directed the strongest anti-suppression effects when over-expressed, showing that they may be involved in fine tuning of the translation termination level.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 17483428|
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