Wang Y, et al. (2004) TM2 but not TM4 of subunit c'' interacts with TM7 of subunit a of the yeast V-ATPase as defined by disulfide-mediated cross-linking. J Biol Chem 279(43):44628-38
Abstract: The vacuolar (H+)-ATPase (or V-ATPase) is an ATP-dependent proton pump which couples the energy released upon ATP hydrolysis to rotational movement of a ring of proteolipid subunits (c, c', and c'') relative to the integral subunit a. The proteolipid subunits each contain a single buried acidic residue that is essential for proton transport, with this residue located in TM4 of subunits c and c' and TM2 of subunit c''. Subunit c'' contains an additional buried acidic residue in TM4 that is not required for proton transport. The buried acidic residues of the proteolipid subunits are believed to interact with an essential arginine residue (Arg735) in TM7 of subunit a during proton translocation. We have previously shown that the helical face of TM7 of subunit a containing Arg735 interacts with the helical face of TM4 of subunit c' bordered by Glu145 and Leu147 (Kawasaki-Nishi et al. (2003) J. Biol. Chem. 278, 41908-41913). We have now analyzed interaction of subunits a and c'' using disulfide-mediated cross-linking. The results indicate that the helical face of TM7 of subunit a containing Arg735 interacts with the helical face of TM2 of subunit c'' centered on Ile105, with the essential glutamic acid residue (Glu108) located near the opposite border of this face compared with TM4 of subunit c'. By contrast, TM4 of subunit c'' does not form strong cross-links with TM7 of subunit a, suggesting that these transmembrane segments are not normally in close proximity. These results are discussed in terms of a model involving rotation of interacting helices in subunit a and the proteolipid subunits relative to each other.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't | Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.||PubMed ID: 15322078|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 3
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