Vaquero A, et al. (2006) SirT2 is a histone deacetylase with preference for histone H4 Lys 16 during mitosis. Genes Dev 20(10):1256-61
Abstract: The mammalian cytoplasmic protein SirT2 is a member of the Sir2 family of NAD(+)-dependent protein deacetylases involved in caloric restriction-dependent life span extension. We found that SirT2 and its yeast counterpart Hst2 have a strong preference for histone H4K16Ac in their deacetylation activity in vitro and in vivo. We have pinpointed the decrease in global levels of H4K16Ac during the mammalian cell cycle to the G(2)/M transition that coincides with SirT2 localization on chromatin. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) deficient for SirT2 show higher levels of H4K16Ac in mitosis, in contrast to the normal levels exhibited by SirT1-deficient MEFs. The enzymatic conversion of H4K16Ac to its deacetylated form may be pivotal to the formation of condensed chromatin. Thus, SirT2 is a major contributor to this enzymatic conversion at the time in the cell's life cycle when condensed chromatin must be generated anew.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 16648462|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 4
- To find other papers on a gene and topic, click on the colored ball in the appropriate box.
- displays other papers with information about that topic for that gene.
- displays other papers in SGD that are associated with that topic.
The topic is addressed in these papers but does not describe a specific gene or chromosomal feature.
- To go to the Locus page for a gene, click on the gene name.