Muldoon-Jacobs KL and Dinman JD (2006) Specific effects of ribosome-tethered molecular chaperones on programmed -1 ribosomal frameshifting. Eukaryot Cell 5(4):762-70
Abstract: The ribosome-associated molecular chaperone complexes RAC (Ssz1p/Zuo1p) and Ssb1p/Ssb2p expose a link between protein folding and translation. Disruption of the conserved nascent peptide-associated complex results in cell growth and translation fidelity defects. To better understand the consequences of deletion of either RAC or Ssb1p/2p, experiments relating to cell growth and programmed ribosomal frameshifting (PRF) were assayed. Genetic analyses revealed that deletion of Ssb1p/Ssb2p or of Ssz1p/Zuo1p resulted in specific inhibition of -1 PRF and defects in Killer virus maintenance, while no effects were observed on +1 PRF. These factors may provide a new set of targets to exploit against viruses that use -1 PRF. Quantitative measurements of growth profiles of isogenic wild-type and mutant cells showed that translational inhibitors exacerbate underlying growth defects in these mutants. Previous studies have identified -1 PRF signals in yeast chromosomal genes and have demonstrated an inverse relationship between -1 PRF efficiency and mRNA stability. Analysis of published DNA microarray experiments reveals conditions under which Ssb1, Ssb2, Ssz1, and Zuo1 transcript levels are regulated independently of those of genes encoding ribosomal proteins. Thus, the findings presented here suggest that these trans-acting factors could be used by cells to posttranscriptionally regulate gene expression through -1 PRF.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural||PubMed ID: 16607023|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 4
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