von Janowsky B, et al. (2006) The disaggregation activity of the mitochondrial ClpB homolog Hsp78 maintains Hsp70 function during heat stress. J Mol Biol 357(3):793-807
Abstract: Molecular chaperones are important components of mitochondrial protein biogenesis and are required to maintain the organellar function under normal and stress conditions. We addressed the functional role of the Hsp100/ClpB homolog Hsp78 during aggregation reactions and its functional cooperation with the main mitochondrial Hsp70, Ssc1, in mitochondria of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. By establishing an aggregation/disaggregation assay in intact mitochondria we demonstrated that Hsp78 is indispensable for the resolubilization of protein aggregates generated by heat stress under in vivo conditions. The ATP-dependent disaggregation activity of Hsp78 was capable of reversing the preprotein import defect of a destabilized mutant form of Ssc1. This role in disaggregation of Ssc1 is unique for Hsp78, since the recently identified, Hsp70-specific chaperone Zim17 had no effect on the resolubilization reaction. We observed only a minor effect of the second mitochondrial Hsp100 family member Mcx1 on protein disaggregation. A "holding" activity of the mitochondrial Hsp70 system was a prerequisite for a successful resolubilization of aggregated proteins. We conclude that the protective role of Hsp78 in thermotolerance is mainly based on maintaining the molecular chaperone Ssc1 in a soluble and functional state.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 16460754|
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