Nielsen KH, et al. (2004) Functions of eIF3 downstream of 48S assembly impact AUG recognition and GCN4 translational control. EMBO J 23(5):1166-77
Abstract: The binding of eIF2-GTP-tRNA(i)(Met) ternary complex (TC) to 40S subunits is impaired in yeast prt1-1 (eIF3b) mutant extracts, but evidence is lacking that TC recruitment is a critical function of eIF3 in vivo. If TC binding was rate-limiting in prt1-1 cells, overexpressing TC should suppress the temperature-sensitive phenotype and GCN4 translation should be strongly derepressed in this mutant, but neither was observed. Rather, GCN4 translation is noninducible in prt1-1 cells, and genetic analysis indicates defective ribosomal scanning between the upstream open reading frames that mediate translational control. prt1-1 cells also show reduced utilization of a near-cognate start codon, implicating eIF3 in AUG selection. Using in vivo cross-linking, we observed accumulation of TC and mRNA/eIF4G on 40S subunits and a 48S 'halfmer' in prt1-1 cells. Genetic evidence suggests that 40S-60S subunit joining is not rate-limiting in the prt1-1 mutant. Thus, eIF3b functions between 48S assembly and subunit joining to influence AUG recognition and reinitiation on GCN4 mRNA. Other mutations that disrupt eIF2-eIF3 contacts in the multifactor complex (MFC) diminished 40S-bound TC, indicating that MFC formation enhances 43S assembly in vivo.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article | Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't||PubMed ID: 14976554|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 14
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|Topics||Genes (#1 - 10 )|
|Topics||Genes (#11 - 14 )|