Auesukaree C, et al. (2005) Plc1p, Arg82p, and Kcs1p, enzymes involved in inositol pyrophosphate synthesis, are essential for phosphate regulation and polyphosphate accumulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 280(26):25127-33
Abstract: In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the phosphate signal transduction (PHO) pathway is involved in regulating several phosphate-responsive genes such as PHO5, which encodes repressible acid phosphatase. In this pathway, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, Pho81p, regulates the kinase activity of the cyclin-CDK complex Pho80p-Pho85p, which phosphorylates the transcription factor Pho4p in response to intracellular phosphate levels. How cells sense phosphate availability and transduce the phosphate signal to Pho81p remains, however, unknown. To identify additional components of the PHO pathway, we have screened a collection of yeast deletion strains. We found that disruptants of PLC1, ARG82 and KCS1, which are involved in the synthesis of inositol polyphosphate, and ADK1, which encodes adenylate kinase, constitutively express PHO5. Each of these factors functions upstream of Pho81p and negatively regulates the PHO pathway independently of intracellular orthophosphate levels. Overexpression of KCS1, but not the other genes, suppressed PHO5 expression in the wild-type strain under conditions of low phosphate. These results raise the possibility that diphosphoinositol tetrakisphosphate (PP-IP4) and/or bis-diphosphoinositol triphosphate ([PP]2-IP3) may be essential for the regulation of the PHO pathway. Furthermore, the plc1, arg82 and kcs1 deletion strains, but not the ipk1 deletion strain, had significantly reduced intracellular polyphosphate levels, suggesting that enzymes involved in inositol pyrophosphate synthesis are also required for polyphosphate accumulation.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 15866881|
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