Gohil VM, et al. (2004) Cardiolipin biosynthesis and mitochondrial respiratory chain function are interdependent. J Biol Chem 279(41):42612-8
Abstract: Cardiolipin (CL) is an acidic phospholipid present almost exclusively in membranes harboring respiratory chain complexes. We have previously shown that, in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, CL provides stability to respiratory chain supercomplexes and CL synthase enzyme activity is reduced in several respiratory complex assembly mutants. In the current study, we investigated the interdependence of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and CL biosynthesis. Pulse-labeling experiments showed that in vivo CL biosynthesis was reduced in respiratory complexes III (ubiquinol:cytochrome c oxidoreductase) and IV (cytochrome c oxidase) and oxidative phosphorylation complex V (ATP synthase) assembly mutants. CL synthesis was decreased in the presence of CCCP, an inhibitor of oxidative phosphorylation that reduces the pH gradient but not by valinomycin or oligomycin, both of which reduce the membrane potential and inhibit ATP synthase, respectively. The inhibitors had no effect on phosphatidylglycerol biosynthesis or CRD1 gene expression. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that in vivo CL biosynthesis is regulated at the level of CL synthase activity by the DeltapH component of the proton-motive force generated by the functional electron transport chain. This is the first report of regulation of phospholipid biosynthesis by alteration of subcellular compartment pH.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 15292198|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 7
- To find other papers on a gene and topic, click on the colored ball in the appropriate box.
- displays other papers with information about that topic for that gene.
- displays other papers in SGD that are associated with that topic.
The topic is addressed in these papers but does not describe a specific gene or chromosomal feature.
- To go to the Locus page for a gene, click on the gene name.