Choi JY, et al. (2004) Phosphatidylcholine and N-methylated phospholipids are nonessential in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem 279(40):42321-30
Abstract: Phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) is the most abundant phospholipid in numerous eukaryotes and is generally thought to be essential for membrane structure and cellular function. We designed a specific test of this idea by using genetic and biochemical manipulation of yeast. Yeast mutants (pem1 pem2Delta) lacking the phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) methyltransferase enzymes require choline for growth and cannot make N-methylated phospholipids. When these strains are grown on a glucose carbon source supplemented with 20 mm propanolamine (Prn), the PtdCho level declines precipitously to the limits of detection (<0.6%), and the hexagonal phase-forming, primary amine-containing lipids, PtdEtn and PtdPrn, constitute approximately 60% of the total phospholipid content of the cell. When the lipids were analyzed by mass spectrometry, there was no compensatory shift in unsaturation of the PtdEtn and PtdPrn toward more bilayer-forming species. Thus the majority of the cellular amino phospholipids remained hexagonal phase-forming. The pem1 pem2Delta cells will also grow without choline, in the presence of Prn, on nonfermentable carbon sources (requiring functional mitochondria) and accumulate nearly 70% of their phospholipid as hexagonal phase-forming types. These data provide compelling evidence that the functions of PtdCho and N-methylated lipids in membranes are nonessential in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 15269223|
Topics addressed in this paper
Number of different genes curated to this paper: 2
- To find other papers on a gene and topic, click on the colored ball in the appropriate box.
- displays other papers with information about that topic for that gene.
- displays other papers in SGD that are associated with that topic.
The topic is addressed in these papers but does not describe a specific gene or chromosomal feature.
- To go to the Locus page for a gene, click on the gene name.