Sambade M and Kane PM (2004) The yeast vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase contains a subunit homologous to the Manduca sexta and bovine e subunits that is essential for function. J Biol Chem 279(17):17361-5
Abstract: The yeast cwh36Delta mutant was identified in a screen for yeast mutants exhibiting a Vma(-) phenotype suggestive of loss of vacuolar proton-translocating ATPase (V-ATPase) activity. The mutation disrupts two genes, CWH36 and a recently identified open reading frame on the opposite strand, YCL005W-A. We demonstrate that disruption of YCL005W-A is entirely responsible for the Vma(-) growth phenotype of the cwh36Delta mutant. YCL005W-A encodes a homolog of proteins associated with the Manduca sexta and bovine chromaffin granule V-ATPase. The functional significance of these proteins for V-ATPase activity had not been tested, but we show that the protein encoded by YCL005W-A, which we call Vma9p, is essential for V-ATPase activity in yeast. Vma9p is localized to the vacuole but fails to reach the vacuole in a mutant lacking one of the integral membrane subunits of the V-ATPase. Vma9p is associated with the yeast V-ATPase complex in vacuolar membranes, as demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation with known V-ATPase subunits and glycerol gradient fractionation of solubilized vacuolar membranes. Based on this evidence, we propose that Vma9p is a genuine subunit of the yeast V-ATPase and that e subunits may be a functionally essential part of all eukaryotic V-ATPases.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 14970230|
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