Perriman R, et al. (2003) ATP requirement for Prp5p function is determined by Cus2p and the structure of U2 small nuclear RNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100(24):13857-62
Abstract: Stable addition of U2 small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP) to form the prespliceosome is the first ATP-dependent step in splicing, and it requires the DEXD/H box ATPase Prp5p. However, prespliceosome formation occurs without ATP in extracts lacking the U2 snRNP protein Cus2p. Here we show that Prp5p is required for the ATP-independent prespliceosome assembly that occurs in the absence of Cus2p. Addition of recombinant Cus2p can restore the ATP dependence of prespliceosome assembly, but only if it is added before Prp5p. Prp5p with an altered ATP-binding domain (Prp5-GNTp) can support growth in vivo, but only in a cus2 deletion strain, mirroring the in vitro results. Other Prp5 ATP-binding domain substitutions are lethal, even in the cus2 deletion strain, but can be suppressed by U2 small nuclear RNA mutations that hyperstabilize U2 stem IIa. We infer that the presence of Cus2p and stem IIa-destabilized forms of U2 small nuclear RNA places high demands on the ATP-driven function of Prp5p. Because Prp5p is not dispensable in vitro even in the absence of ATP, we propose that the core Prp5p function in bringing U2 to the branchpoint is not directly ATP-dependent. The positive role of Cus2p in rescuing mutant U2 can be reconciled with its antagonistic effect on Prp5 function in a model whereby Cus2p first helps Prp5p to activate the U2 snRNP for prespliceosome formation but then is displaced by Prp5p before or during the stabilization of U2 at the branchpoint.
|Status: Published||Type: Journal Article||PubMed ID: 14610285|
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